Misinformation vs. Disinformation
First things first. Wikipedia does a great job of quickly explaining the difference between misinformation and disinformation:
Misinformation is incorrect or misleading information. It is differentiated from disinformation, which is deliberately deceptive.
And goes on to say that,
Rumors are information not attributed to any particular source, and so are unreliable and often unverified, but can turn out to be either true or false.
This video from Security.org offers some help on what to do if you are the recipient of misinformation or disinformation. They explain that “misinformation is any inaccurate information, but it differs from disinformation in that it’s shared without malicious intent. Together, misinformation and disinformation make MDI. MDI is a pervasive problem, with one in three Americans reporting that they see fake news often, according to the Pew Research Center. How can you verify if information is MDI or not, and more importantly, how do you stop your relatives from posting MDI on social media? This video gives helpful statistics and information to help you protect against misinformation.”